There are factual information that is not conveyed in a continuous text, but via graphs or graphics. These texts are called discontinuous texts. They serve to illustrate facts and to make complex relationships understandable. Information remains longer present in this way and are easier to retrieve. Like other text types, they also need to be critically examined. Because one can manipulate information in diagrams easily: facts are neglected, others in turn particularly emphasized. Here it is necessary to ask why a particular representation was chosen. In this chapter you will learn to analyze graphs.


The end of school time is in sight and everyone is thinking about where the professional path should lead and what you want to do later. It may seem premature to worry about the situation after the training or study – or even what could be in 10, 20 or 50 years. But that’s not so outrageous.

People read about demographic change, about people who have problems, living their daily lives with one single merit. It makes sense to think carefully about which industry you would like to work in and which aspects are important to you at work. The positive attachment to a company contributes a lot to their own well-being. Who wants to quit inside after a short time?

All these are aspects that need to be considered.

The information in the graphics and graphs presented should help you develop long-term perspectives.

You receive the following work order:

Examine the graphically conveyed information and learn to analyze it.

You have written together for the market of possibilities in Chapter 9. Expand the exhibition with a selection of discontinuous texts.

Choose from the variety of featured graphs one of * that seems most important to you and your professional planning.

Exhibit your graph in the market of possibilities. On Metaplan Cards (O Methods, p. XY), justify why you chose this chart.

Analyze charts and diagrams

Recognize the interplay of text and graph

Graphs are composed of symbols, text elements, images, and charts and have the advantage that they can be intuitively captured. At the same time this involves the risk of manipulation. It is therefore important for your analysis to always maintain a critical distance.

Retirement home of Europe

“Life expectancy in Germany continues to rise”

In Germany, life expectancy has continued to rise. For newborn girls it is 82 years and 9 months, for boys 77 years and 9 months. The proportion of young people in the population is lowest in Germany compared to other EU countries.

Recognize the interplay of text and graph

Edit the text first. Use the Think-pair-share method (F> Methods p. Xy).

a) Formulate the main statements.

b) Explain the difference between the life expectancy of the female population and the male.

c) Research the average life expectancy in different countries. Compare the industrial nations with other countries.

Graphs are graphically designed information about a situation. They can contain pictures, symbols, diagrams and text elements, whereby the choice of the representation depends on the statement intention. Diagrams are a special form of graphs:

• pie chart: It conveys proportionality of an entity; it becomes confusing when too many aspects are visualized.

• Column / Bar Graph: It gives an idea of the proportions that are presented in comparison. In the bar chart, data is represented by horizontal, in the bar chart by vertical bars.

• Curve / line diagram: It shows development progressions within a time frame.

• Organizational chart: it represents structures; organizational units as well as their distribution of tasks and communication relations become apparent.

Graphs / diagrams are always critical. Thus, numbers and size differences can be different by the choice of units. Also the chosen scale – the scaling of the axes – has to be considered as well as the informative value of the data: Are they exact or estimated numbers?